New Policies, Measures and Responsibilities of Polluting Industries: A Case Study of the Egyptian Industries




waste water, environment responsibility, environmental damages


The paper provides a new approach to estimating the damage resulting from industrial wastewater. The measurement method proposed can be applied for all industries to determine the damage resulting from wastewater and to compare it with the environmental load of each pollutant. These measures help identify the environmental responsibility of a particular firm for a specific period and a level of pollution. Furthermore, they are to determine clearly the main industries that are accountable for the highest environmental damage according to the water pollutant loads. During March 2019, the proposed approach was tested on Abu Qir industries that are located in Egypt. Results urge for applying the proposed measures to wastewater pollutions, as well as for updating the current legislation to stimulate a management system’s efficiency. Results showed that phenol accounts for the highest percentage in paper production, followed by OILY pollutant in fertilizer production, COD and BOD in paper production and TSS in fertilizer manufacturing. Determining accurately the environmental responsibility for damages accelerates the spread of the clean industries.


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How to Cite

El – Ragehy, E., & Salman, D. (2020). New Policies, Measures and Responsibilities of Polluting Industries: A Case Study of the Egyptian Industries. Virtual Economics, 3(2), 77–94.




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