The Quality Determinants of the Research Process in Management Sciences


  • Henryk Dzwigol Department of Management, Faculty of Organization and Management, Silesian University of Technology, Zabrze, Poland; Faculty of Applied Sciences, WSB University, Dabrowa Gornicza, Poland



quality determinants, research process, management sciences, research methodology, research approach


The purpose of the article is to identify the quality determinants of the research process in management sciences. Additionally, the author aims to indicate the relationships and differences in the identified determinants of quality depending on the adopted idiographic and nomothetic approach in management sciences. To achieve the intended purpose, the author used the survey data based on an expert group consisting of 401 scientific employees. In addition, a cluster analysis was used to identify the determinants of research process quality, conducted both for the entire sample studied, as well as in individual groups representing the idiographic and nomothetic approaches in management sciences. Based on the conducted research, 7 general determinants of research process quality in management sciences have been identified. In addition, the analysis of the results showed that the determinants of the research process quality are consistent between the idiographic and nomothetic approaches. The main contribution of this article focuses on the developed recommendations regarding the identified determinants. Applying the guidelines presented in the article may result in an increase in the quality of the research process in management sciences, regardless of the adopted research approaches.


Download data is not yet available.


Coulet, J. C. (2019). The organization activity: A foresight approach of theoretical knowledge evolution in management science. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 140, 160-168.

Wilmer, H., Derner, J. D., Fernández-Giménez, M. E., Briske, D. D., Augustine, D. J., & Porensky, L. M. (2018). Collaborative adaptive rangeland management fosters management-science partnerships. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 71(5), 646-657.

Harrison, R. L., Reilly, T. M., & Creswell, J. W. (2020). Methodological rigor in mixed methods: An application in management studies. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 14(4), 473-495.

Jaradat, R. M., Keating, C. B., & Bradley, J. M. (2017). Individual capacity and organizational competency for systems thinking. IEEE Systems Journal, 12(2), 1203-1210.

Dacko-Pikiewicz, Z. (2019). Building a family business brand in the context of the concept of stakeholder-oriented value. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 7(2), 37-51.

Dzwigol, H., Dzwigol-Barosz, M., Miskiewicz, R., & Kwilinski, A. (2020). Manager Competency Assessment Model in the Conditions of Industry 4.0. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 7(4), 2630-2644.

Kwilinski, A. (2018). Mechanism of Modernization of Industrial Sphere of Industrial Enterprise in Accordance with Requirements of the Information Economy. Marketing and Management of Innovations, (4), 116-128.

Kwilinski, A., Litvin, V., Kamchatova, E., Polusmiak, J., & Mironova, D. (2021). Information Support of the Entrepreneurship Model Complex with the Application of Cloud Technologies. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 25(1), 1-8.

Kwilinski, A., Slatvitskaya, I., Dugar, T., Khodakivska, L., Derevyanko, B. (2020). Main Effects of Mergers and Acquisitions in International Enterprise Activities. International Journal of Entrepreneurship, 24, 1-8.

Kwilinski, A., Tkachenko, V., & Kuzior, A. (2019). Transparent Cognitive Technologies to Ensure Sustainable Society Development. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 9(2), 561-570.

Woiceshyn, J., & Daellenbach, U. (2018). Evaluating inductive vs deductive research in management studies: Implications for authors, editors, and reviewers. Qualitative Research in Organizations and Management: An International Journal, 13(2), 183-195.

Abazov, R. (2021). Engaging in the internationalization of education and SDGs: Case study on the global hub of UNAI on sustainability. E3S Web of Conferences, (307), Article 06001.

Chen, Y., Kwilinski, A., Chygryn, O., Lyulyov, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2021). The Green Competitiveness of Enterprises: Justifying the Quality Criteria of Digital Marketing Communication Channels. Sustainability, 13(24), Article 13679.

Chygryn, O., Bilan, Y., & Kwilinski, A. (2020). Stakeholders of Green Competitiveness: Innovative Approaches for Creating Communicative System. Marketing and Management of Innovations, (3), 358-370.

Miskiewicz, R. (2022). Clean and Affordable Energy within Sustainable Development Goals: The Role of Governance Digitalization. Energies, 15(24), Article 9571.

Pudryk, P., Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2023). Towards Achieving Sustainable Development: Interactions between Migration and Education. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 11(1), 113-131.

Dźwigoł, H., & Dźwigoł-Barosz, M. (2020). Research processes and methodological triangulation. Zeszyty Naukowe. Organizacja i Zarządzanie/Politechnika Śląska, 148, 161-170.

Morgan, P. L., Farkas, G., Hillemeier, M. M., & Maczuga, S. (2016). Science achievement gaps begin very early, persist, and are largely explained by modifiable factors. Educational Researcher, 45(1), 18-35.

Sørensen, H. T. (2016). I-determinants for a successful PhD or postdoctoral outcome. Clinical epidemiology, 297-303.

Dźwigoł, H. (2019). Research methods and techniques in new management trends: research results. Virtual Economics, 2(1), 31-48.

Ravitch, S. M., & Carl, N. M. (2019). Qualitative research: Bridging the conceptual, theoretical, and methodological. Sage Publications.

Chen, Y., Lyulyov, O., Pimonenko, T., & Kwilinski, A. (2023). Green development of the country: Role of macroeconomic stability. Energy & Environment, 0(0).

Miskiewicz, R. (2020). Efficiency of electricity production technology from post-process gas heat: Ecological, economic and social benefits. Energies, 13(22), Article 6106.

Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K., Gedvilaitė, D., Nazarko, J., Stasiukynas, A., Rubina, A. (2022). Assessment of Economic Convergence among Countries in the European Union. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 28(5), 1572-1588.

Vaníčková, R., & Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K. (2020). Innovation of business and marketing plan of growth strategy and competitive advantage in exhibition industry. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 21(2), 425-445.

Lyulyov, O., Pimonenko, T., Stoyanets, N., & Letunovska, N. (2019). Sustainable development of agricultural sector: Democratic profile impact among developing countries. Research in World Economy, 10(4), 97-105.

Cebula, J., & Pimonenko, T. (2015). Comparison financing conditions of the development biogas sector in poland and ukraine. International Journal of Ecology and Development, 30(2), 20-30.

Lyulyov, O., Lyeonov, S., Tiutiunyk, I., & Podgórska, J. (2021). The impact of tax gap on macroeconomic stability: Assessment using panel VEC approach. Journal of International Studies, 14(1), 139-152.

Moskalenko, B., Lyulyov, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2022). The investment attractiveness of countries: Coupling between core dimensions. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 10(2), 153-172.

Dźwigoł, H., & Dźwigoł-Barosz, M. (2018). Scientific research methodology in management sciences. Financial and credit activity problems of theory and practice, 2(25), 424-437.

Dzwigol, H. (2021). Meta-analysis in management and quality sciences. Marketing and Management of Innovations, 1, 324-335.

Grabiński, T. (1992). Podstawy kwantyfikacji zmiennych przestrzennych. Badania przestrzenne rynku konsumpcji, Red. Mynarski S., PWN, Warszawa.

Mojena, R. (1977). Hierarchical grouping methods and stopping rules: an evaluation. The Computer Journal, 20(4), 359-363.

Schad, J., Lewis, M. W., Raisch, S., & Smith, W. K. (2016). Paradox research in management science: Looking back to move forward. Academy of Management Annals, 10(1), 5-64.

Ngulube, P., & Ngulube, B. (2015). Mixed methods research in the South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences: An investigation of trends in the literature. South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences, 18(1), 1-13.

Thomas, G. (2017). How to Do Your Research Project: A Guide for Students. Sage. London

Robbins, D. (2009). Understanding research methods. A guide for the public and nonprofit manager. CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA.

Bogachov, S., Kwilinski, A., Miethlich, B., Bartosova, V., & Gurnak, A. (2020). Artificial Intelligence Components and Fuzzy Regulators in Entrepreneurship Development. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 8(2), 487-499.

Kwilinski, A. (2019). Implementation of Blockchain Technology in Accounting Sphere. Academy of Accounting and Financial Studies Journal, 23(SI2), 1-6.

Kwilinski, A., & Kuzior, A. (2020). Cognitive Technologies in the Management and Formation of Directions of the Priority Development of Industrial Enterprises. Management Systems in Production Engineering, 28(2), 133-138.

Kwilinski, A., Dalevska, N., & Dementyev, V.V. (2022). Metatheoretical Issues of the Evolution of the International Political Economy. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 15(3), Article 124.

Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., Pimonenko, T., Dzwigol, H., Abazov, R., & Pudryk, D. (2022). International Migration Drivers: Economic, Environmental, Social, and Political Effects. Sustainability, 14(11), Article 6413.

Kwiliński, A., Polcyn, J., Pająk, K., & Stępień, S. (2021). Implementation of Cognitive Technologies in the Process of Joint Project Activities: Methodological Aspect. In Conference Proceedings - VIII International Scientific Conference Determinants of Regional Development (pp. 96-126). Pila, Poland: Stanislaw Staszic University of Applied Sciences in Piła.

Miśkiewicz, R. (2021), Knowledge and innovation 4.0 in today's electromobility, in: Z. Makieła, M.M. Stuss, and R. Borowiecki (Eds.), Sustainability, Technology and Innovation 4.0 (pp. 256-275), London, UK: Routledge.

Miśkiewicz, R., Matan, K., & Karnowski, J. (2022). The Role of Crypto Trading in the Economy, Renewable Energy Consumption and Ecological Degradation. Energies, 15(10), Article 3805.

Szczepańska-Woszczyna, K., & Gatnar, S. (2022). Key Competences of Research and Development Project Managers in High Technology Sector. Forum Scientiae Oeconomia, 10(3), 107-130.

Quinton, S., Reynolds, N. (2018). Understanding Research in the Digital Age. SAGE Publications Ltd., London

O′Leary, Z. (2017). The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project, Sage, London

Labarca, C. (2017). Qualitative Research for beginners, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Stahl, N. A., & King, J. R. (2020). Expanding approaches for research: Understanding and using trustworthiness in qualitative research. Journal of Developmental Education, 44(1), 26-28.

Rosenthal, M. (2016). Qualitative research methods: Why, when, and how to conduct interviews and focus groups in pharmacy research. Currents in pharmacy teaching and learning, 8(4), 509-516.

Mukherjee, S. P. (2019). A guide to research methodology: An overview of research problems, tasks and methods. CRS Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA.

Trzeciak M. (2022). Research issues in programme management: a systematic review of literature, Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Śląskiej. Organizacja i Zarządzanie, 167, 551-567.

Mengist, W., Soromessa, T., & Legese, G. (2020). Method for conducting systematic literature review and meta-analysis for environmental science research. MethodsX, 7, 100777.

Dźwigoł, H. (2018). Współczesne procesy badawcze w naukach o zarządzaniu. Uwarunkowania metodyczne i metodologiczne. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

Sminia, H. (2009). Process research in strategy formation: Theory, methodology and relevance. International Journal of Management Reviews, 11(1), 97-125.

Wickert, C., & Schaefer, S. M. (2015). Towards a progressive understanding of performativity in critical management studies. Human relations, 68(1), 107-130.

Lyulyov, O., & Shvindina, H. (2017). Stabilization pentagon model: Application in the management at macro- and micro-levels. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 15(3), 42-52.

Chernoff, F. (2020). Pragmatism, pluralism, and eclecticism: Sil and Katzenstein’s “Analytic eclecticism” in Beyond Paradigms. International Journal, 75(3), 392-403.

Tyc, W., & Schneider, M. (2019). Methodological and Cognitive Status of Economic Law Analysis. Economic Alternatives, 3, 469-482.

Azungah, T. (2018). Qualitative research: deductive and inductive approaches to data analysis. Qualitative research journal, 18(4), 383-400.

Hyde, K. F. (2000). Recognising deductive processes in qualitative research. Qualitative Market Research: An International Journal, 3(2), 82-90.

Zhou, J., Wang, X. M., Bavato, D., Tasselli, S., & Wu, J. (2019). Understanding the receiving side of creativity: A multidisciplinary review and implications for management research. Journal of Management, 45(6), 2570-2595.

Cunliffe, A. L. (2022). Must I grow a pair of balls to theorize about theory in organization and management studies?. Organization Theory, 3(3), 26317877221109277.

Boland, A., Dickson, R., & Cherry, G. (2017). Doing a systematic review: A student's guide. Sage, London

Wensing, M., & Grol, R. (2019). Knowledge translation in health: how implementation science could contribute more. BMC medicine, 17(1), 1-6.

Al-Kurdi, O. F., El-Haddadeh, R., & Eldabi, T. (2020). The role of organisational climate in managing knowledge sharing among academics in higher education. International Journal of Information Management, 50, 217-227.

Fisher, M. J., & Bloomfield, J. (2019). Understanding the research process. Journal of the Australasian Rehabilitation Nurses Association, 22(1), 22-27.

Maes, G., & Van Hootegem, G. (2019). A systems model of organizational change. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 32(7), 725-738.

Gioia, D. (2021). A systematic methodology for doing qualitative research. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 57(1), 20-29.

Thietart, R. A. (2001). Doing management research: a comprehensive guide. Sage.

Bryman, A., Harley, B., Bell, E. (2020). Business Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Granato, D., Santos, J. S., Escher, G. B., Ferreira, B. L., & Maggio, R. M. (2018). Use of principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) for multivariate association between bioactive compounds and functional properties in foods: A critical perspective. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 72, 83-90.

Trzeciak, M., Kopec, T. P., & Kwilinski, A. (2022). Constructs of project programme management supporting open innovation at the strategic level of the organisation. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 8(1), 58.

Trzeciak, M., Sienkiewicz, Ł. D., & Bukłaha, E. (2022). Enablers of Open Innovation in Software Development Micro-Organization. Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, 8(4), 174.

Kempa, W., Rydarowska-Kurzbauer, J., Halama, M., Smuda, E., & Biel, M. (2021). Statistical and Econometric Analysis of Selected Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic. Multidisciplinary Aspects of Production Engineering, 4(1), 395-407.

Pawlak, K., Smutka, L., & Kotyza, P. (2021). Agricultural potential of the EU countries: how far are they from the USA?. Agriculture, 11(4), 282.

De Luca Picione, R. (2015). The idiographic approach in psychological research. The challenge of overcoming old distinctions without risking to homogenize. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 49, 360-370.

Patel, T. (2017). Multiparadigmatic studies of culture: needs, challenges, and recommendations for management scholars. European Management Review, 14(1), 83-100.

Ashworth, M., Guerra, D., & Kordowicz, M. (2019). Individualised or standardised outcome measures: a co-habitation?. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 46, 425-428.

Abaas, M. S. M., Chygryn, O., Kubatko, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2018). Social and economic drivers of national economic development: The case of OPEC countries. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 16(4), 155-168.

Chigrin, O., & Pimonenko, T. (2014). The ways of corporate sector firms financing for sustainability of performance. International Journal of Ecology and Development, 29(3), 1-13

Letunovska, N., Lyuolyov, O., Pimonenko, T., & Aleksandrov, V. (2021). Environmental management and social marketing: A bibliometric analysis. Paper presented at the E3S Web of Conferences, 234, 0008.

Soliman, M., Lyulyov, O., Shvindina, H., Figueiredo, R., & Pimonenko, T. (2021). Scientific output of the european journal of tourism research: A bibliometric overview and visualization. European Journal of Tourism Research, 28, 2801.

Yevdokimov, Y., Melnyk, L., Lyulyov, O., Panchenko, O., & Kubatko, V. (2018). Economic freedom and democracy: Determinant factors in increasing macroeconomic stability. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 16(2), 279-290.

Pimonenko, T., Lyulyov, O., & Us, Y. (2021). Cointegration between economic, ecological and tourism development. Journal of Tourism and Services, 12(23), 169-180.

Smiianov, V. A., Lyulyov, O. V., Pimonenko, T. V., Andrushchenko, T. A., Sova, S., & Grechkovskaya, N. V. (2020). The impact of the pandemic lockdown on air pollution, health and economic growth: system dynamics analysis.Wiadomosci Lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960), 73(11), 2332-2338.

Kwilinski, A., Lyulyov, O., Dzwigol, H., Vakulenko, I., & Pimonenko, T. (2022). Integrative smart grids’ assessment system. Energies, 15(2), 545.

Lyulyov, O., Chortok, Y., Pimonenko, T., & Borovik, O. (2015). Ecological and economic evaluation of transport system functioning according to the territory sustainable development. International Journal of Ecology and Development, 30(3), 1-10.

Pimonenko, T., Prokopenko, O., & Dado, J. (2017). Net zero house: EU experience in ukrainian conditions. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 38(4), 46-57.

Prokopenko, O., Cebula, J., Chayen, S., & Pimonenko, T. (2017). Wind energy in israel, poland and ukraine: Features and opportunities. International Journal of Ecology and Development, 32(1), 98-107.

Us, Y., Pimonenko, T., & Lyulyov, O. (2021). Energy efficiency profiles in developing the free-carbon economy: On the example of ukraine and the V4 countries. Polityka Energetyczna, 23(4), 49-66.




How to Cite

Dzwigol, H. (2023). The Quality Determinants of the Research Process in Management Sciences. Virtual Economics, 6(2), 35–54.